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James W. Jardine Water Purification Plant (JWPP)

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Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific


Basic Facility Info facility_Basic_Facility_Info help link help link  
Facility ID100000045505
Deregistered (Yes/No)No
Facility NameJames W. Jardine Water Purification Plant (JWPP)
Street Address Line 11000 East Ohio Street
CityChicago
StateIL
Zip Code60611
CountyCook County
113th Congressional DistrictIL90: Illinois unknown districts
Owner or Operator NameChicago Dept. of Water Management
Parent CompanyCity of Chicago Department of Water Management
Latitude41.893333
Longitude-087.605833
Number of RMP Submissions3

Most Recent Submission Info facility_Most_Recent_Submission_Info help link help link  
RMP ID1000005096
Submission Typerevised submission for facility
Submission Date06/11/2009
Reason For Submission5-year update (40 CFR 68.190(b)(1))
Process Toxic Amount Total (lbs)308,000
Process Flammable Amount Total (lbs)0
Process Amount Total (lbs)308,000
Number of Potential Offsite Consequence Processes1
Potential Offsite Consequence Toxic Amount Total (lbs)308,000
Potential Offsite Consequence Flammable Amount Total (lbs)0
Potential Offsite Consequence Amount Total (lbs)308,000
All Process NAICS22131
Exec Summary Submission Date06/11/2009

Executive Summary facility_Executive_Summary help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, executive summary: all)

Executive Summary
CHLORINE RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (RMP)
CITY OF CHICAGO
DEPARTMENT OF WATER

James W. Jardine Water Purification Plant (JWPP)
June 21, 2004

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Introduction

The James W. Jardine Water Purification Plant (JWPP) treats water to potable drinking standards for the City of Chicago and many surrounding communities. The plant uses chlorine to disinfect water from Lake Michigan and stores more than the threshold quantity of 2,500 lbs of chlorine onsite. The disinfection process is the only process at JWPP subject to United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Risk Management Program (RMP) regulations codified in 40CFR Part 68. Chlorine is an easily liquefiable greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. It is listed by the USEPA as a regulated toxic substance for release prevention. Chlorine is safe to use as a disinfectant for drinking water under regular plant conditions when handled with appropriate care.

JWPP Chlorine Process

Liquid chlorine is trucked to the plant site in 1-ton (2,000 lbs) pressurized containers by an outside vendor. The containers are unloaded and stored in an enclosed area prior to use. Liquefied chlorine in the individual containers is changed to gas-phase chlorine with evaporators. Chlorine gas is mixed with water at individual application points for disinfection as part of the water treatment process.

JWPP Release Prevention and Emergency Response Policy

The City of Chicago Department of Water Management (CDWM) in concert with JWPP management is committed to manage and operate the plant in accordance with relevant USEPA regulations and general good operating practices to ensure minimum risk of a chlorine release from the disinfection process. The CDWM has voluntarily implemented a Process Safety Management (PSM) program, similar to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) PSM plan, for the JWPP chlorine process although it is not explicitly subject to this federal program. In order t
o ensure periodic monitoring and continual evaluation of the RMP / PSM program elements being implemented at the plant, the CDWM has instituted an emergency response (ER) organizational structure within the Department and JWPP. Along with their regular duties, members of this structure have additional RMP / PSM-related responsibilities for the long-term management of the RMP / PSM program.

Worst-case Release Scenario

As required by USEPA regulations, the worst-case release scenario was assumed to be the complete loss of the contents of a 1-ton chlorine container during unloading operations that are performed in an enclosed receiving area adjoining the plant structure. In this analysis no passive mitigation measures were assumed. The USEPA guidance for defining a worst-case release scenario for unmitigated release of gas is to estimate the release rate over a 10-minute period of the largest quantity resulting from a pipe or vessel failure. Thus, the chlorine emission rate from the worst-case release scenario used was the loss of 2,000 lbs of chlorine averaged over a 10-minute period, i.e., 200 lbs/min. USEPAAs public-domain RMP*Comp model was used to determine the distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.0087 mg/l (or 3 ppm). The toxic endpoint distance does go offsite. It should be noted that the potential offsite impact due to a release is greatly minimized on account of the location of JWPP which is bounded by Lake Michigan on the north and east. Since almost 75 percent of the area within the circle of influence, defined by the distance to the toxic endpoint as the radius, is over Lake Michigan, potential offsite impacts are greatly reduced.

JWPP employees thoroughly inspect every chlorine container for potential leaks and overall structural integrity upon delivery and prior to process hookup. Chlorine sensors and a system of emergency alarms at strategic locations around the chlorine process initiate the emergency response procedures (i.e., release abatem
ent and evacuation) that includes activation of the emergency caustic scrubbers to neutralize potential chlorine releases. This minimizes the chance that a container will fully discharge its contents in a release and minimizes the potential for an offsite impact.

Alternative Release Scenario

The following three most likely alternative scenarios (ranked in order of probability of occurrence) were identified:
Case (1): Container valve failure;
Case (2): Shear of pigtail containing liquid chlorine; and
Case (3): Over-pressurization of rupture disk

The above alternative releases were modeled using USEPAAs public-domain RMP*Comp model to determine the maximum distance to the toxic endpoint of 0.0087 mg/l (or 3 ppm). Effects of both passive mitigation (due to the building enclosure) and active mitigation afforded by the JWPP emergency caustic scrubber system were included in the analysis. The maximum toxic endpoint distance does go offsite, but only by a few hundred feet. It should be noted that any potential offsite impact due to a release is greatly minimized due to JWPPAs location, which is bounded by Lake Michigan on the north and east.

As noted above, JWPP employees thoroughly inspect every connection from the chlorine container to the liquid piping for potential leaks and overall structural integrity prior to hookup. In addition, JWPP has regular operation and maintenance procedures for evaluating and replacing, if required, container valves and rupture disks. Also, the plant has chlorine sensors and a system of emergency alarms at strategic locations around the chlorine process that initiate the emergency response procedures (i.e., release abatement and evacuation) that include activation of the emergency caustic scrubbers to neutralize potential chlorine releases. This minimizes the chance for a discharge of quantities of chlorine which could result in an offsite impact.

Release Prevention Program

JWPP is a municipal organization n
ot subject to OSHA regulations. However, JWPP has implemented a safety management program for the chlorine process similar to an OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) program (codified in 29CFR Part 1910.119). The scope of the PSM program encompasses various facets of release prevention; e.g., it engenders employee participation, increases employee awareness about the hazards of handling chlorine, establishes safe standard operating procedures and enhances access to process safety information. In December 1998, JWPP performed a PSM audit and a HAZOP process hazards analysis (PHA) on the chlorine system with the help of outside consultants in order to review existing operating procedures, equipment maintenance schedules, operational safeguards and identify action items to render the process safer. Following the PHA, JWPP developed a written PSM program along with an updated O&M (Operations and Maintenance) Manual with the help of outside consultants. The written PSM program provides the procedural backbone for safe operability functions (i.e., continual review of safe operating procedures, review of mechanical integrity of equipment, improved maintenance schedules, increased training, better access to process safety information and hazard awareness for both employees and onsite contractors, and effective emergency response planning), and allows JWPP to maintain, review and evaluate the program on a periodic basis.

The CDWM completed a major upgrade of the JWPP chlorine system equipment piping and safety system in 2001. New redundant equipment and piping were installed to allow frequent inspections and maintenance of the system. The entire chlorine process area, including storage and unloading areas are now enclosed to contain leaks. A new automated chlorine scrubber system was installed to neutralize potential leaks. These system upgrades complement the organizational and procedural aspects of the prevention program and minimize the risk of release of chlorin
e from the JWPP process.

Five-year Accident History

JWPP has been operational since 1964. Since that date there have been no serious onsite injuries, no offsite injuries and no offsite environmental damage due to a chlorine release. No releases have occurred in the five year period since the last Risk Management Plan submittal in June 2004.


Emergency Response Program

Since JWPP has adopted the safe management practices similar to the OSHA PSM program, the plant has updated existing procedures for Emergency Planning and Response to conform to applicable PSM regulations. JWPP has adapted the PSM Emergency Response Plan so that it also satisfies RMP Part 68 requirements.

JWPP has a well delineated emergency response (ER) organization under the command of the emergency response coordinator (ERC) with a set of clearly defined responsibilities and procedures for ER team members. ER team members are regularly evaluated, receive updated training and conduct practice emergency response drills. Besides onsite training and practice, ER team members are responsible for coordinating emergency response activities (e.g., agency notifications) with local emergency responders such as the Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC), Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA) and the National Response Center (NRC) through established channels of communication. The Emergency Response Plan contains detailed notification procedures to be followed by ER team members.

JWPP has detailed onsite evacuation procedures customized for the plant in the event of a release of chlorine. JWPP is equipped with appropriate emergency response equipment in readiness for immediate application. The Local Emergency Planning Committee (i.e., OEMC) are responsible for addressing all offsite emergency activities.

The City of Chicago Department of Water Management (CDWM) and JWPP management are committed to supporting the emergency response (ER) organization and its prescribed f
unctions. ER team members are drawn from the existing employee pool and the organizational concept fosters pride and emphasizes concerns for safe operation of the plant. The well defined ER organization at JWPP operating in conjunction with the Chicago Fire Department alleviates safety concerns about handling chlorine at the plant.

Changes to Improve Safety

As discussed above, the CDWM completed a major upgrade of the chlorine system equipment piping and safety system and modifications to the plant wide communication systems in 2000. New redundant equipment and piping were installed to allow frequent inspections and maintenance of the system. The entire chlorine process area, including storage and receiving areas were enclosed to contain chlorine leaks. New automated chlorine scrubber systems were installed to neutralize potential chlorine leaks. In addition, improved training and organizational changes, upgrades of the chlorine system demonstrate the commitment to safety that the CDWM has made to both plant employees and the surrounding community.
Submission - Other Facility Info facility_Submission_-_Other_Facility_Info help link help link  
Number of Full Time Employees500
Owner or Operator NameChicago Dept. of Water Management
Owner or Operator Address Line 11000 East Ohio Street
Owner or Operator CityChicago
Owner or Operator StateIL
Owner or Operator Zip60611
Parent Dun and Bradstreet Number1749605
Second Parent Dun and Bradstreet Number1749605
Number of Full Time Employees500
Number of FTE CBI FlagNo
Covered by OSHA PSM StandardNo
Covered by EPCRA Section 302Yes
Covered by CAA Title VNo
Last Safety Inspection Date07/10/2008
Last Safety Inspection ByEPA
OSHA Star or Merit RankingNo
LEPC NameOffice of Emergency Management

Submission - Contact Info facility_Submission_-_Contact_Info help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11)
Owner or Operator Phone3127447001
Facility URLhttp://www.cityofchicago.org/watermanagement
Facility Phone3127447001
Facility Dun and Bradstreet Number119500346
RMP ContactAlan E. Stark
RMP Contact TitleDeputy Commissioner
RMP Contact Emailastark@cityofchicago.org
RMP Preparer NameAlan E. Stark
RMP Preparer Address Line 1Jardine Water Purification Plant
RMP Preparer Address Line 21000 East Ohio Street
RMP Preparer CityChicago
RMP Preparer StateIL
RMP Preparer Zip60611
RMP Preparer Zip Extension3416
RMP Preparer Phone3127447733

Submission - Additional Info facility_Submission_-_Additional_Info help link help link  
RMP Complete FlagYes
Predictive FilingNo
No RMP Accidents Last 5 YearsNo
Complete Check Date12/28/2012
Postmark Date06/11/2009
Anniversary Date06/11/2014
Confidential Business InformationNo

Submission - Lat/Long Info facility_Submission_-_Lat_Long_Info help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11)
Latitude41.893333
Longitude-087.605833
Valid Lat/LongYes
Lat/Long MethodInterpolation - Photo
Lat/Long Location TypeLoading Facility
FRS Latitude41.89
FRS Longitude-87.6
FRS Lat/Long DescriptionPLANT ENTRANCE (GENERAL)
FRS Lat/Long MethodADDRESS MATCHING-HOUSE NUMBER

Submission - Counts and Totals facility_Submission_-_Counts_and_Totals help link help link  
Number of RMP Accidents0
RMP Accident Flammable Total (lbs)0
RMP Accident Toxic Total (lbs)0
RMP Accident Amount Total (lbs)0
Number of RMP Accidents0
Number of Processes1
Number of Process Chemicals0
Number of Toxic Worst-case Scenarios1
Number of Toxic Alternate Case Scenarios1
Number of Flammable Worst-case Scenarios0
Number of Flammable Alternate Case Scenarios0
RMP Accident Flammable Total (lbs)0
RMP Accident Toxic Total (lbs)0
RMP Accident Amount Total (lbs)0
Total RMP Accident Deaths0
Total RMP Accident Injuries0
Total RMP Accident Evacuated/Sheltering In Place0
Total RMP Accident Property Damage$0

Processes facility_Processes help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11, process #1 : Chlorine Process - CP1)
Process DescriptionChlorine Process - CP1
Program Level2
Confidential Business InformationNo
Toxic Amount Total (lbs)308,000
Flammable Amount Total (lbs)0
Process Amount Total (lbs)308,000
Number of Process Chemicals0
Number of Toxic Worst-Case Scenarios1
Number of Toxic Alternate Scenarios1
Number of Flammable Worst-Case Scenarios0
Number of Flammable Alternate Scenarios0

Process Chemicals facility_Process_Chemicals help link help link  
Process Chemical IDChlorine
CAS number007782505
Chemical TypeToxic
Process Chemical Amount (lbs)308,000
Confidential Business InformationNo

Process Chemicals facility_Process_Chemicals help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11, process #1 : Chlorine Process - CP1, process chemical #2)
Process Chemical IDPublic OCA Chemical
CAS number000000000
Process Chemical Amount (lbs)0
Confidential Business InformationNo

Worst-Case Toxic Scenarios facility_Worst-Case_Toxic_Scenarios help link help link  
Physical StateGas liquified by pressure
Model UsedEPA's RMP*Comp(TM)
Release Duration (minutes)10
Wind Speed (meters/sec)1.5
Atmospheric Stability ClassF
TopographyUrban
Passive Mitigation - DikesNo
Passive Mitigation - EnclosuresNo
Passive Mitigation - BermsNo
Passive Mitigation - DrainsNo
Passive Mitigation - SumpsNo
Confidential Business InformationNo

Alternate Case Toxic Scenarios facility_Alternate_Case_Toxic_Scenarios help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11, process #1 : Chlorine Process - CP1, process chemical #2, alternate toxic scenario #1)
Physical StateGas liquified by pressure
Model UsedEPA's RMP*Comp(TM)
Wind Speed3
Atmospheric Stability ClassD
TopographyUrban
Passive Mitigation - DikesNo
Passive Mitigation - EnclosuresYes
Passive Mitigation - BermsNo
Passive Mitigation - DrainsNo
Passive Mitigation - SumpsNo
Active Mitigation - SprinklersNo
Active Mitigation - Deluge SystemsNo
Active Mitigation - Water CurtainNo
Active Mitigation - NeutralizationNo
Active Mitigation - Excess Flow ValvesNo
Active Mitigation - FlaresNo
Active Mitigation - ScrubbersYes
Active Mitigation - Emergency ShutdownNo
Confidential Business InformationNo

Process NAICS facility_Process_NAICS help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11, process #1 : Chlorine Process - CP1, process NAICS code #1 : 22131)
NAICS Code22131: Water Supply and Irrigation Systems

Prevention Program 2 facility_Prevention_Program_2 help link help link  
Safety Info Review Date05/13/2009
Safety Regs - NFPA 58Yes
Safety Regs - OSHA (Ammonia)No
Safety Regs - ASTM StandardsYes
Safety Regs - ANSI StandardsYes
Safety Regs - ASME StandardsYes
Safety Regs - NoneNo
PHA Review Date08/12/2008
PHA Change Completion Date08/12/2008
Hazard Identified - Toxic ReleaseYes
Hazard Identified - FireNo
Hazard Identified - ExplosionNo
Hazard Identified - Runaway ReactionNo
Hazard Identified - PolymerizationNo
Hazard Identified - OverpressureYes
Hazard Identified - CorrosionYes
Hazard Identified - OverfillingNo
Hazard Identified - ContaminationNo
Hazard Identified - Equipment FailureYes
Hazard Identified - Cooling LossYes
Hazard Identified - EarthquakeNo
Hazard Identified - FloodNo
Hazard Identified - TornadoNo
Hazard Identified - HurricaneNo
Process Controls - VentsYes
Process Controls - Relief ValvesYes
Process Controls - Check ValvesNo
Process Controls - ScrubbersYes
Process Controls - FlaresNo
Process Controls - Manual ShutoffsYes
Process Controls - Auto ShutoffsYes
Process Controls - InterlocksYes
Process Controls - AlarmsYes
Process Controls - Keyed BypassNo
Process Controls - Emergency AirYes
Process Controls - Emergency PowerYes
Process Controls - Backup PumpYes
Process Controls - GroundingNo
Process Controls - Inhibitor AdditionNo
Process Controls - Rupture DisksYes
Process Controls - Excess Flow DevicesYes
Process Controls - Quench SystemNo
Process Controls - Purge SystemNo
Process Controls - NoneNo
Mitigation Systems - SprinklersNo
Mitigation Systems - DikesNo
Mitigation Systems - Fire WallsYes
Mitigation Systems - Blast WallsNo
Mitigation Systems - Deluge SystemsNo
Mitigation Systems - Water CurtainsNo
Mitigation Systems - EnclosureYes
Mitigation Systems - NeutralizationYes
Mitigation Systems - NoneNo
Monitoring Systems - Process AreaYes
Monitoring Systems - PerimeterYes
Monitoring Systems - NoneNo
Changes Since PHA - Reduced InventoryNo
Changes Since PHA - Increased InventoryNo
Changes Since PHA - Process ParametersNo
Changes Since PHA - Process ControlsNo
Changes Since PHA - Process DetectionNo
Changes Since PHA - Perimeter MonitoringNo
Changes Since PHA - Mitigation SystemsNo
Changes Since PHA - None RecommendedYes
Changes Since PHA - NoneNo
Procedure Review Date02/10/2009
Training Review Date02/10/2009
Type of Training - ClassroomYes
Type of Training - On the JobYes
Competency Testing - Written TestsNo
Competency Testing - Oral TestsNo
Competency Testing - DemonstrationYes
Competency Testing - ObservationYes
Maintenance Review Date02/10/2009
Maintenance Inspection Date06/08/2009
Equipment TestedChlorine equipment is inspected daily before new containers are placed in service and on a regular basis in accordance with OEM recommendations.
Compliance Audit Date06/07/2011
Compliance Audit Change Completion Date06/07/2011
Incident Investigation Date01/02/2001
Incident Invest. Change Completion Date05/02/2001
Most Recent Change Date02/06/2004
Confidential Business InformationNo

Prevention Program 2 Chemicals facility_Prevention_Program_2_Chemicals help link help link (Facility #1 : James W. Jardine Water Purific, RMP submission #1 : 2009-06-11, process #1 : Chlorine Process - CP1, process NAICS code #1 : 22131, prev. program 2 #1, prev. program 2 chemical: all)
Process Chemical Record ID
1000006901

Prevention Program 2 Text facility_Prevention_Program_2_Text help link help link  
Prevention Program Description
Processes not eligible for Program 1 (processes with no public receptors within the distance to an endpoint from a worst-case release and with no accidents with specific offsite consequences within the past five years) or subject to Program 3 (any process not eligible for Program 1 and subject to OSHA PSM regulations) are designated as Program 2, which imposes limited hazard assessment requirements and minimal prevention and emergency response requirements. USEPA developed the Program 2 Prevention program by identifying the basic elements that are the foundation of sound prevention practices - safety information, hazard review, operating procedures, training, maintenance, compliance audits and incident investigation.

JWPP is a municipal organization not subject to OSHA regulation. However, JWPP has implemented a program that is similar to an OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) program for the chlorine process. The implementation of the program includes employee education in the hazards of chlorine and measures (such as process safety information, hazard analysis and regular training) that can reduce employee and community exposure to chlorine releases. The plan includes a regular preventive maintenance program (mechanical integrity) for the chlorine system components, and a program for both pre-startup safety reviews and management of changes to the chlorine system. The program also includes operating procedures for the safe operation of the system, specific requirements for safe work practices (such as safe approaches to welding and similar hot work), and safety requirements for contractors who may be hired to work on the system. The plant has a procedure in place for investigating incidents to ensure root causes are identified and corrective actions are taken to minimize the potential for recurrence of incidents. The program also has a procedure for conducting compliance audits to ensure that it (the program) is properly implemented at the facility. The written program incorporates the facility's emergency response plan and places special emphasis on handling releases of chlorine and coordination of emergency response with the Local Emergency Planning Committee, which is the Office of Emergency Management and Communications.

The JWPP program for safely managing the chlorine feed process adequately satisfies all the requirements of the Program 2 Prevention program. Further details may be made available to appropriate entities on written request.

Emergency Response Plan Info facility_Emergency_Response_Plan_Info help link help link  
Facility In Community PlanYes
Facility Own Response PlanYes
Specific Facility Response PlanYes
Inform. Procedures in Response PlanYes
Emergency Care in Response PlanYes
Plan Review Date09/01/2003
Response Training Date06/19/2007
Local Response AgencyOffc of Emrgncy Mngmnt and Comm
Local Response Agency Phone3127469111
Subject To - OSHA EAPYes
Subject To - OSHA HAZWOPERYes
Subject To - CWAYes
Subject To - RCRAYes
Subject To - OPANo
Subject To - State EPCRAYes


Search Criteria Used
RMP Facility ID100000045505

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